A bunion is a bony prominence which forms from realignment of the joint at the base of the big toes. It forms when your big toe pushes against your next toe, pushing the joint of your big toe to be bigger and extend.
Bunions usually affect the inner foot at the base of the big toe and can also affect the outside of the foot at the base of the little toe, which is referred to as a bunionette or tailor’s bunion. It is commonly seen in women. Bunions also can develop as an effect of a hereditary structural defect, stress on your foot or a medical condition, like arthritis.
Although bunions usually does not require medical treatment, see a doctor or a doctor who specializes in treating foot disorders such as podiatrist or orthopedic foot specialist if you have stubborn big toe or foot pain, a noticeable bump on your big toe joint, reduced movement of your big toe or foot and having a hard time finding shoes that fit properly because of a bunion.
Specialists disagree on whether tight, high-heeled or too-narrow footwear cause bunions or whether shoes simply contributes to the development of bunion.
Bunions might be related with some types of arthritis, particularly inflammatory types, like rheumatoid arthritis.
1. Even though they don’t always cause problems, bunions are permanent unless surgically corrected. A variety of possible complications include Bursitis, Hammertoe and Metatarsalgia. An aching disorder that happens when the small fluid-filled pads—known as bursae that cushion bones, tendons and muscles near your joints become sore is called Bursitis. Hammertoe is an abnormal bend that transpires in the middle joint of a toe, usually the toe next to your big toe, can cause pain and pressure. On the other hand, Metatarsalgia is a condition that causes pain and inflammation in the ball of your foot.
2. You may treat bunions non-surgically to relieve the pain and pressure by changing footwear. Use roomy, comfortable footwear that provide plenty of space for your toes. You can also use over-the-counter, non-medicated bunion pads. It also might help to control the pain by taking medications such as Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve). You can also try Cortisone injections. Use padded shoe inserts to help distribute pressure evenly when you move your feet, decrease your symptoms and averting your bunion from getting worse. For some people, over-the-counter arch supports can provide relief while others require prescription orthotic devices. To relieve soreness and inflammation, you can also try applying ice to your bunion after you’ve been on your feet for too long.
3. You might need surgery if traditional treatment doesn’t provide aid from your symptoms. However, surgery isn’t advisable unless it causes you frequent pain or impedes with your daily activities.
4. Surgical procedures for bunions might involve certain techniques such as removing the inflamed tissue from around your big toe joint. Another one is to straighten out your big toe by removing part of the bone. You can also have readjust the long bone between the back part of your foot and your big toe. Alternatively, straighten out the abnormal angle in your big toe joint or permanently join the bones of your affected joint.
It’s likely that you’ll be able to walk on your foot immediately after a surgical procedure. But, full recovery can take weeks to months.
To avert a recurrence, you’ll need to wear proper footwear after recovery. For most individuals, it’s unlikely to expect to wear narrower shoes after the surgery.